What is Indole-3-carbinol and Why is it Good For Me?

Perhaps, many are still unfamiliar with the term Indole 3 carbinol. Its arrays of benefits are not yet fully unleashed and divulged to the general public hence, it is but right and fitting to educate the people about the wonders it brings and its value for us human beings. Indole 3 carbinol is a compound that could be evidently found in cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and kale. What make the compound very interesting are its dominant and potent antioxidant properties as well as its capacity to enhance and facilitate the body’s anti toxin enzyme mechanism. Studies could prove that Indole 3 carbinol is a potent agent to combat the wrath of different cancers such as the breast, cervical and ovarian cancers.

The said agent has the power to breakdown cancerous estrogens as well as dioxin, which is a harmful pesticide. When compared to the leading anti-estrogen drug called tamoxifen, Indole 3 carbinol is more effective in fighting estrogen promoted cancer cells for it could reach a greater efficacy compared to the 60% efficacy rate of tamoxifen. The National Cancer Institute was able to conduct a test regarding which among the more than eight anti cancer agent is the most effective, in that test, Indole 3 carbinol emerge victorious.

Indole 3 carbinol is not only effective in fighting cancer but it is also beneficial and vital for the treatment of different autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. It is also not limited for estrogen-triggered cancers for it shows a lot of potential in addressing prostate cancer, lung cancer, and cancer cause by the Human Papillloma Virus (HPV). For you to grasp the full value and benefits of Indole 3 carbinol, experts would highly recommended you to have enough intake of the said compound. When I say enough, you should consume at least 200 to 400 mg of Indole 3 carbinol daily. The said range is the one used during the clinical trial for cancer prevention. However, achieving such amount in your diet may be difficult hence; you need to employ discipline and perseverance for you to make things happen.

Because of the fact that heat could destroy significant amounts of nutrients in cruciferous vegetables, you need to consume large amounts of foods that contain high Indole 3 carbinol for you to meet the recommended amount of 300 to 400 mg. However, consuming large amounts of cruciferous vegetables for breakfast, lunch and dinner may turn out to be unappealing to the appetite of many therefore; effective supplements manufactured by esteemed companies could be taken as an alternative to suffice your needs of the daily recommended dose of Indole 3 carbinol. Diet modification is also an important measure to fight cancer. For you to achieve optimum state of wellness, you must know how to eat right by avoiding foods that are carcinogenic. These foods include processed meat, canned goods and the like.

Indole 3 carbinol can be found at your local or internet vitamin store in 100mg and 200mg doses. Always choose name brands like Solaray to ensure quality and purity of the product you buy for better health.

Here's What You Probably Don't Know About Lung Cancer

If you experience shortness of breath, and similar symptoms, it is absolutely necessary to familiarize yourself with lung cancer. Lung cancer is a condition in which abnormal cells begin to accumulate and spread in the lungs. In the early stages of this disease, it is not common to experience a lot of symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, the symptoms become more and more evident. If you learn about the lung cancer symptoms early on, it may be possible to prevent the spread of the abnormal cells in this area of the body.

While cancer in the lungs has been deemed as one of the leading causes of death in individuals, it has also been deemed as one of the most preventable types of disease. This cancer is related to the choice that many people make and that is smoking. While there are cases of this type of cancer occurring in a nonsmoker, these cases are relatively rare. Most that develop this condition not only smoke, but are genetically at risk for the disease as well. There are many cases in which a person who has never smoked acquires this type of cancer. Most of these cases involve those that have been exposed to second hand smoke on a regular basis throughout their lifetime.

There are a number of symptoms of cancer in the lungs. The following represents some of the most common symptoms that may be experienced:

1. Many people will start to develop a cough that occurs on a regular basis.

2. For many, this cough will go away, but for the ones that continue to experience the cough, concerns should be evaluated by a medical professional.

3. For many, this type of cancer makes itself known by pain that is felt in the chest area. This is often a dull pain, but pain that never seems to really go away on its own.

4. Many who have found that they have this condition have discovered that they have shortness of breath on a regular basis. This is typically caused by a growth in and around the lung area that is considered to be abnormal.

5. Having regular infections that involve the respiratory system may also be an indication that cancer is present in the lungs. These infections may include mild to severe bronchitis, or even pneumonia in some instances.

In conclusion, as stated here, lung cancer typically occurs in individuals who smoke on a regular basis. However, secondhand smoke and similar culprits can result in an individual who does not smoke to acquire the condition. If you find that you have a high chance of developing lung cancer, it is important that you learn all that you are able to about the condition. This way, you can work closely with your doctor to ensure that your risk factors are reduced and that you are treated in time if abnormal cell development does occur.

Diagnosing Prostate Cancer Making Use Of PSA Test

Prostate certain antigen (PSA) is actually a substance that’s only produced by the prostate gland. The protein is very helpful within the diagnosis of prostate cancer due to the fact it acts as a sign of prostate cancer when it is elevated in a blood sample. Under typical conditions, PSA levels in a majority of men are located to be beneath 4ng/ml which is utilized as a reference value when diagnosing the condition. In men suffering from prostate cancer, PSA levels are generally above the reference value although there can be other underlying factors causing the increased level. Studies have shown that, men with a PSA degree of in between 4 and 10 have a 25% opportunity of suffering from prostate cancer although those with levels above 10 have a 67% risk of suffering from the condition.

The levels of PSA in men are influenced by age, and they tend to be lower in younger males and higher in older men. This therefore implies that, the reference value varies within the two age groups where by a value of 2.5 ng/ml is applied as the reference value in younger males although 4ng/ml is employed in older males. PSA test ought to not be taken as one of the most proper test for ruling the presence or absence of prostate cancer but further tests really should be carried out to create a definitive diagnosis.

The test is meant for a number of categories of males but commonly, the test is open for every man over the age of 40 with or with out symptoms of prostate cancer. A number of the points that would make a man to go for a PSA test are the presence of symptoms that are related to the condition, have been exposed towards the threat aspects which are most likely to trigger prostate cancer or comes from a family members that has a history of prostate cancer, and is becoming treated for prostate cancer which makes the test an critical follow-up test.

PSA test is carried out by drawing blood from the arm following which the blood sample is taken to the laboratory for PSA screening. Results don’t take lengthy to obtain and they are reported in nanograms of PSA per milliliter of blood.

PSA test is limited by some aspects which make the test to give false-negative or positive outcomes. Elevated levels of PSA could occur on account of other conditions and this could be taken to be a sign of prostate cancer if further tests aren’t carried out. Unnecessary remedy may well commence to be given to the patient adding much more trouble to the person being treated for the wrong disease. Negative outcomes may also turn into misleading making the patient to be treated for another illness as opposed to prostate cancer which may also have adverse effects on the patient within the lengthy run. It really is as a result essential for physicians to come up with a definitive diagnosis to be able to provide by far the most suitable therapy towards the patient.

PSA test for prostate cancer is very valuable in the diagnosis and remedy of prostate cancer and it cannot be undermined in fighting prostate cancer.

Experimental Drug May Extend Lung Cancer Survival, Study Suggests

SATURDAY, May 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) — A new “targeted” therapy might help extend the lives of patients with advanced lung cancer who have a relapse after their initial treatment, a clinical trial suggests.

The drug, ramucirumab, improved survival by more than a month when combined with standard chemotherapy, researchers are scheduled to report Saturday at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting in Chicago.

Ramucirumab fights cancer by preventing the creation of new blood vessels in tumors, robbing them of needed nutrients and oxygen.

The study found that median overall survival in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer was 10.5 months for those taking ramucirumab plus chemotherapy, compared with 9.1 months for patients who received a placebo, or dummy drug, with their chemo.

The significance of this advance may be subject to debate.

Currently, very limited chemotherapy options exist for patients whose lung cancer returns, said study lead author Dr. Maurice Perol, head of thoracic oncology at the Cancer Research Center of Lyon in France.

Those options provide relatively poor results, shrinking tumors only about 10 percent and extending patient survival 7 to 9 months, he said.

“This is the first treatment in approximately a decade to improve the outcome of patients in the second-line setting,” Perol said. “The survival improvement is significant because patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer typically have a very short survival time following second-line therapy.”

The findings should be considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed medical journal. Also, if the drug receives U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval, doctors and patients will have to weigh the effectiveness of the treatment against what’s expected to be its enormous cost.

The clinical trial involved 1,253 patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer that had progressed despite standard chemotherapy. Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer.

All of the patients were treated with the chemotherapy drug docetaxel. Some then were randomly given ramucirumab as well, while others received a placebo.

Adding ramucirumab improved the effectiveness of chemotherapy, the investigators found, with nearly 23 percent of patients experiencing tumor shrinkage compared with 13.5 percent of those who received placebo.

Ramucirumab also improved survival against all types of non-small cell lung cancer, indicating that it could be useful in treating all patients battling a recurrence of this type of lung cancer, Perol said.

The progression-free survival periods for ramucirumab patients was 4.5 months, versus 3 months in the placebo group.

The experimental drug came with few serious side effects. “There was no increase in adverse events or in pulmonary hemorrhage [bleeding from the lung], which is one of the greatest potential risks,” Perol said.

The findings from the clinical trial don’t represent a huge advance over current treatment, said Dr. Norman Edelman, senior medical advisor for the American Lung Association.

However, ramucirumab does show promise as part of a new class of targeted therapies, he added.

“I find this drug interesting because it represents an attempt to step beyond the usual cytotoxic agents. But on its own, it’s not a remarkable breakthrough,” Edelman said.

“Some people will have an extra year. Other people will have nothing,” Edelman said. “And it won’t be cheap. The new biologics are expensive. We’re talking tens of thousands of dollars for cost of treatment. These are complicated decisions.”

Lung Cancer Caused By Asbestos

Asbestos exposure can lead to a number of lung diseases including asbestosis, pleural fibrosis and lung cancer. Asbestosis results in widespread scarring of the lungs and can leave victims short of breath and more likely to develop lung cancer. Pleural fibrosis causes inflammation, hardening and thickening of the lining of the lung tissue but has a number of symptoms so can be fairly straightforward to diagnose.

The other type of lung disease that can develop after asbestos exposure is asbestos lung cancer. This can affect either the internal portions of the lungs or the outer lining. Although it is impossible to determine the exact figure for the number of people who develop the disease because of asbestos, it is thought that there are around as many asbestos lung cancer deaths in Great Britain annually as there are mesothelioma deaths.

The reason why it can’t be said how many lung cancer related deaths are down to this is because there are many other factors which can lead to the illness developing. Tobacco smoke is just one of these so it wouldn’t be possible to say whether a person got cancer because of asbestos exposure or because they smoked.

Asbestos lung cancer can be hard to detect because in the early stages there may be no symptoms at all. There are a few such as having a cough, chest pain and weight loss but this can also indicate other illnesses which is what makes it so hard to diagnose.

If it is thought that someone may be suffering from asbestos lung cancer then a number of steps will be taken in order to confirm this. A full physical examination will be conducted and more than likely a sample of phlegm (spit) will be tested for any cancer cells. If any cancerous cells are found then either a tissue sample will be taken or a biopsy will be performed to get an accurate result.

The people who are most likely to suffer from asbestos lung cancer are those who were exposed to it during their working life. The majority of patients who have been diagnosed with the disease once worked in mines, mills or factories. However, others who have suffered high levels of asbestos exposure include construction, boilermaking and automotive repair.

More and more people who are suffering from illnesses such as asbestos lung cancer are claiming compensation from companies who failed to implement safety precautions to prevent heavy exposure. If you are looking for an asbestos lawyer then there are companies out there who can help claim payments for various things such as the cost of care you have accrued.

Herbs & Homeopathic Remedies May Alleviate Menopausal Symptoms

Does hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for your menopause make your blood run cold? Many women are faced with the potential risks associated with HRT. First, let’s take a quick look at the three stages of menopause.

Menopause begins in your early 40s as your ovaries gradually produce less and less of the hormone estrogen. Your periods become erratic sometimes skipping a month or alternating between light and heavy.

The next period of time is the transitioning to actual menopause. During this time you may continue to have erratic periods and the “fun stuff” begins to settle in for a long visit. Yes, fun stuff like hot flashes, vaginal dryness, mood swings and insomnia are some of the symptoms.

The final and actual onset of menopause usually occurs in your early 50s and is represented by the absence of your period for a full 12 months. It’s those in between years that can wreak havoc in your life.

Are there natural alternatives for chemical HRT? The good news is yes! It’s a sad fact that less than two percent of doctors even mention alternative therapies and that most of them feel there is no benefit. Thousands of women would disagree. Here are just a few of the many natural alternatives:

Try adjusting your diet to include vegetables and fish that are high in Omega-3 as they contain nutrients that can help your body deal with menopause naturally. Conversely, there are foods that can make your menopausal symptoms worse. Caffeine, sugar, fatty dairy products, salt, alcohol and saturated oils can aggravate the symptoms.

Be sure and take a daily multivitamin making certain that the vitamin contains 100% of the daily allowance for nutrients. Just be aware that vitamins are no substitute for following a healthy diet.

If menopause causes mood swings, it only makes sense that it’s possible to experience extreme responses for stress. Try using deep breathing techniques, meditation or some other methods of relaxation that works for you and practice the technique for 10 to 20 minutes per day. You will be left feeling calmer, more able to cope and more in control.

Exercising regularly can also help alleviate menopausal symptoms. Scheduling at least 30 minutes of exercise three times a week will relieve hot flashes. You will be able to think more clearly and reduce your risk of osteoporosis and heart disease.

Some women have found relief through yoga and acupressure. Both are mainstays of practitioners of eastern medicine.

Last, but not least, we come to herbal treatments. Beans and certain other plants have a mild estrogenic activity in their makeup thanks to “phytoestrogens.” These are compounds that include isoflavins, lignans, phytoseterols and saponins. In additional to helping your body through menopause, animal experiments show they are significantly effective in preventing tumors of the breast tissue.

Without sending you off for a medical dictionary to understand the compounds listed above, here are some of the foods and herbs that contain healthy compounds: Soy, black cohosh, licorice, alfalfa, chasteberry, Chinese angelica, red clover, strawberry, celery stalks, dates, elder, false unicorn root, fennel, Honduran sarsaparilla, lady’s slipper, liferoot, Mexican wild yams, passion flower, pomegranates and sassafras.

The foods, of course, are available from your local grocery. Visit your local health food store where you should be able to find the herbs and methods to include them in your daily diet.

Unexpected Bleeding And Cancer

For unexpected bleeding from any part of the body, in a child/adult, like oozing of blood from the gums, haemorrhagic spots/areas on the skin, or excessive bleeding from the nose, say, after a blow, or profuse bleeding following tooth extraction or minor injury, the possibility of early acute leukaemia must be considered for precise diagnosis. It is important to point out that leukaemias should be given due consideration and all efforts must be made to treat and control the condition.

Chronic leukaemia As compared to acute leukaemia, chronic leukaemia usually manifests itself at a later age, say at the age of 30-50 years, and has a different presentation from acute leukaemia. The disease remains hidden and the patient reports after months/years of the onset of the ailment, and in some cases it may be diagnosed accidentally during a routine medical check-up.

However, the disease can be diagnosed in infancy, and besides a clinical examination/ suspicion by the physician who may happen to examine the case, we need the expertise of a clinical pathologist/laboratory technician competent to spot out such cases from the routine tests like total leucocyte count (TLC), differential leucocyte count (OLC) and, above all, from the examination of the peripheral blood film (PBF), especially for immature cells, etc.

Enlargement of the spleen and/or glands of the body (prominently cervical), tenderness on the sternum, i.e., the bone lying in front of the middle of the chest (so-called sternal tenderness), may be considered some of the relatively / moderately early symptoms/signs.

Both in acute and chronic cases of leukaemia, a bone marrow examination and some other special tests are ‘a must’ to confirm the diagnosis.

Recovery in the case of leukaemia, whether acute or chronic, depends on the age of the patient, and on the type/ variety of the leukaemia diagnosed finally. There should be no unnecessary panic when the possibility of leukaemia is being considered. Many cases go well with their disease for several years before they begin to show. A middle-aged case of chronic leukaemia with some unusual complaints/symptoms detected for the first time by the author has still been continuing rather satisfactorily for the last ten years or so. He has retired from his job after completion of his tenure and has been living a fairly normal life. The idea of writing this is that the leukaemia patient or his family members should never go away with the idea that mortality is the rule in all such cases, as we see in some of the Indian movies.

However, it is very important to mention that a very scientific approach is required for the treatment of such cases. The patient needs the thorough guidance of the physician in respect of diet, exertion, stress, etc. He should undergo periodic check-ups, and blood-tests should be repeated, as advised. Above all, only the prescribed drugs should be taken by such patients. We lost one of our patients who on his own had shifted to other drugs, in spite of the fact that the prognosis of the case was rather good, and this fact was also confirmed by the late Dr. M.M. Wintrobe, a noted haematologist in the USA, who had also authored the book, Clinical Hematology (Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia), and to whom the detailed clinical data of the case were sent for a thorough probe/investigation. Later the peripheral blood films of this case were also taken to the USA for discussion by the author.

Interestingly, the patient also got carried away when some unauthentic approach for his treatment was suggested to him, but it came to the notice of the author in time, and he, to substantiate his views/line of action, sent the case to the Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, which probably saved the patient from the likely tragedy. The patient referred to above, is at present progressing satisfactorily with his disease by following instructions as well as the treatment religiously.

Finally, it may be stressed that a great realization is required among the masses regarding blood cancers, but somehow, leukaemias are lagging far behind in cancer awareness campaigns / programmes.

Can't Health Tourism Start At Home?

Cardiovascular disease is the leading killer of men and women worldwide. The key preventions are smoking cessation; control of cholesterol, blood pressure and weight; and exercise. In fact, exercise helps to control cholesterol, blood pressure and weight. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise weekly – but you don’t have to do it all at once. You can break that time into 10-minute segments and still benefit. To quote a spokesperson for the American Heart Association, “If you don’t find time for exercise, you will have to find time for disease”.

A study published in JAMA found women are likelier not to have chest pain when they have heart attacks. When data from 1.1 million heart attacks was analyzed, 42% of women didn’t have chest pain when they were admitted to the hospital compared to 31% of men. Also, 15% of women died in the hospital compared to 10% of men. Thus it’s especially important for women to know the other symptoms of heart attack – shortness of breath, nausea and pain in the jaw or back. However, as women age their symptoms are more like men’s – maybe another reason it’s called “menopause”.

Colon cancer is the second leading cancer killer of men and women in the U.S. and fourth worldwide. A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found those who had precancerous growths removed during colonoscopies had 53% lower risk of colon cancer death than expected in the general public. In another Journal study participants were given colonoscopies or stool blood tests. Colonoscopies found advanced growths in twice as many participants and less serious growths in 10 times as many. Considering 143,000 new cases of colon cancer are expected in the U.S. in 2012, colonoscopies are the “bottom line”.

Thankfully, our pets make us healthier. A study published in 1980 found heart attack patients who owned pets lived longer than those who didn’t. Another early study showed petting one’s own dog reduced blood pressure. More recently studies done at the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine found interacting with animals increased our level of the hormone oxytocin. Oxytocin helps us feel happy and trusting, but it also has long-term health benefits. Because it affects the body’s readiness to heal and to grow new cells, oxytocin predisposes our bodies to be healthier. So … reach out and pet something.

FAQs On Radiology

Q- What is X-Ray ?
Ans- An x-ray (radiograph) is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. X-rays are the oldest and most frequently used form of medical imaging. At Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, we use fully digital x-ray techniques.
Special X-Ray Investigations – Fluoroscopy imaging facility is available that helps obtaining real-time moving images of the internal structures of a patient through the use of a fluoroscope. We facilitate the following fluoroscopy tests :
* I.V.P.
* Barium Swallow
* Small Bowel Enema/ Barium Meal Follow Through
* MCU/RGU
* Barium Enema
* HSG/ Sinogram( fistulogram) / T- tube cholangiogram/ Cologram/ Sialogram
* Head up tilt table test
* PCN
* ERCP
* PTBD and other fluoroscopy guided procedures

Q- What is Mammography ?
Ans- Mammography is the process of using low-dose amplitude-X-rays to examine the human breast and is used as a diagnostic as well as a screening tool. Mammography helps in early detection of breast cancer, typically through detection of characteristic masses and/or micro calcifications.

Q- What is Ultra Sound ?
Ans- Ultrasound is a high frequency sound that travels freely through fluid and soft tissues in the body and helps to:
* Monitor the growth of an unborn child, and check for abnormalities.
* Detect abnormalities of heart structures such as the heart valves.
* Help to diagnose problems of the liver, gallbladder (such as gallstones), pancreas, thyroid gland, lymph nodes, ovaries, testes, kidneys, bladder and breast.
* Detect abnormal widening of blood vessels (aneurysms)

Q- What is CT-Scan ?
Ans- CT or CAT scans are special x-ray tests that produce cross-sectional images of the body using x-rays and a computer. These images allow the radiologist, a medical doctor who specializes in images of the body, to look at the inside of the body just as you would look at the inside of a loaf of bread by slicing it. It provides a highly detailed look at many different parts of the body.
CT scan can be conducted for any part of the body. CT scans of internal organs, bone, soft tissue and blood vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams and helps radiologists to easily diagnose problems such as cancers, cardiovascular disease, infectious disease, trauma and musculoskeletal disorders.
64-Slice CT Angiogram
An “angiogram” generally refers to a medical imaging study that is used to look at arteries in the body. The purpose of an angiogram is usually to determine if there is narrowing in arteries or some other disease that may impair blood flow. 64 Slice CT angiograms refer to angiograms completed using computed tomography technology. These studies are increasing in use because of the excellent image quality.

Q- What is MRI Scan ?
Ans- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed pictures of the inside of your body. MRI scans can show muscles, joints, bone marrow, blood vessels, nerves and other structures within your body. An MRI scan can create clear pictures of most parts of the body.

Q- What is Nuclear Medicine ?
Ans- Nuclear medicine is a specialized area of radiology that uses very small amounts of radioactive materials, or radiopharmaceuticals, to examine organ function and structure. This branch of radiology is often used to help diagnose and treat abnormalities very early in the progression of a disease, such as thyroid cancer. Some of the more common tests include the following :
* renal scans – used to examine the kidneys and to detect any abnormalities, such as tumors or obstruction of the renal blood flow.
* thyroid scans – used to evaluate thyroid function.
* bone scans – used to evaluate any degenerative and/or arthritic changes in the joints, to detect bone diseases and tumors, and/or to determine the cause of bone pain or inflammation.
* gallium scans – used to diagnose active infectious and/or inflammatory diseases, tumors, and abscesses.
* heart scans – used to identify abnormal blood flow to the heart, to determine the extent of the damage of the heart muscle after a heart attack, and/or to measure heart function.
* brain scans – used to investigate problems within the brain and/or in the blood circulation to the brain.
* breast scans – often used in conjunction with mammograms to locate cancerous tissue in the breast.
Pet Scan
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a highly specialized imaging technique using short-lived radiolabeled substances to produce powerful images of the body’s biological function.
PET is especially useful in the context of cancer because it can detect metastatic tumours that may not be visualized by other imaging techniques. It is also being increasingly used not only as a cancer diagnostic tool, but also to help physicians design the most beneficial therapies.

Q- What is Dexa Scan ?
Ans- Dual Energy X-ray Absortiometry, or DEXA scanning, is currently the most widely used method to measure bone mineral density.
INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY & DIGITAL SUBTRACTION ANGIOGRAPHY
Interventional Radiology is a medical specialty that uses image-guided, minimally invasive diagnostic and treatment techniques that are often an alternative to surgery. We utilize radiologic guidance, comprised of fluoroscopy, CT, and ultrasound, to perform an ever-growing spectrum of minimally invasive procedures throughout the body.
The Indraprastha Apollo Hospital’s interventional physicians are highly trained in imaging, radiation safety, the performance of medical procedures, and patient management. We utilize the most up-do-date technology to perform the highest level of vascular and interventional radiologic services and provide safe and effective patient care.

Q- What is DSA ?
Ans- Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) is a type of fluoroscopy technique used in interventional radiology to clearly visualize blood vessels in a bony or dense soft tissue environment. DSA is primarily used to image blood vessels. The Allura Xper FD20 installed at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals has the capability to perform routine as well as very complex procedures, such as 3D RA, Xper CT, Xper guide, Vaso CT and CT-MR fusion with DSA.
The instrument’s capability, coupled with the clinical skills of our highly qualified experts makes complex vascular interventions seem simple. Every care is taken to provide best possible treatment and deliver services with a human touch.
List of interventional procedures performed in DSA lab are :
* Diagnostic Angiogram
* Neurointerventional procedures
1. Endovsacular treatment of cerebral aneurysm : Elective & Emergent
2. Embolization of intracranial/extracranial AV malformations.
3. Dural AV fistulae
4. Stroke: Intra-arterial thrombolysis & mechanical thrombectomy
5. Atherosclerotic disease: intracranial & extracranial arterial stenting
6. Trauma Interventions
7. Dural sinus thrombolysis and stenting
8. Vein of Galen Malformation embolization
9. Carotid – cavernous fistula
10. Pre – op embolization of vascular tumors
11. Diagnostic angiograms
12. Spine interventions: AVM embolization
13. Pain management
* Body interventional procedures
1. Diagnostic Aniograms, Angioplasty & Stenting
2. Diagnostic Venograms, Plasty & Stenting
3. Embolization: UAE, BAE, Pre-OP tumor embolization, GI bleed, Pelvic trauma
4. Arterial and venous thrombolysis: Peripheral
5. Dialysis AV Fistula / Graft maintenance
6. IVC Filter Placement and Retrieval
7. TIPS, BRTO & Portal vein embolization
8. Chemoembolization (TACE) & Radioembolizations (Sir-Spheres & Theraspheres)
9. PTC, PTBD, Biliary Stenting
10. Varicose Venous Ablation: Laser/Radiofrequency
11. Vertebroplasty, Kyphoplasty
12. EVAR (Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair)
13. TEVAR (Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair)

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