2009 May | Health News Blog provides coverage of current health news.

Bed-wetting at night during sleep is technically known as nocturnal enuresis. Bed-wetting is a nuisance to parents, and hence toilet training begins at an early age. After the age of four, when they start going to school, most children are dry at night. However there are some that continue to wet their beds at night even to a much older age.

In the past, a lot of people believed that children wet their beds while dreaming. Now, with the advent of the sleep laboratory, we are certain that they wet their beds during NREM sleep, especially in stages three and four of deep sleep. Children who sleep deeply lose control of their bladders in NREM deep sleep. As the children grow older, it is normal for them to sleep less deeply and this increases their bladder control. Ultimately, as these bed-welters become older,

bed-wetting cures itself. Most parents seek medical advice if their children still bed-wet at about school age. The doctor will make sure there is no urine infection or sugar diabetes. Diabetes mellitus, having sugar in the urine, is known to cause excessive urination, although few sufferers of diabetes bed-wet. If the doctor is satisfied that there is no physical illness, normally no treatment is required before the age of eight, as bed-wetting is a self-limiting condition. We are quite sure that the majority of bed-wetters are of normal intelligence and parents need not be worried or concerned about their child’s future development. These children should be rewarded when they have a dry night, and when they have a wet night it should be ignored. Do not punish them, as this will only give them a feeling of guilt which may be harmful to their future personality and may make their bed-wetting worse.

If treatment is required, two methods are commonly used. ” This can be given to children when they need to be dry for a night or more as when they stay overnight at a friend’s home or go away to a school camp. It is only a temporary measure, as relapse is common once the medicine is stopped.

A second well-known method is the pad and alarm system. This is an electrical device consisting of two electrical pads separated by a small piece of cloth, and it is placed under the bed sheet. When the child wets the cloth between the pads, a short circuit is created which switches on a battery-run alarm which then wakes the child up. This trains the child to wake up once bed-wetting begins. This training may take anything up to 12 weeks before bed-wetting stops.

Bed-wetting sometimes runs in families and seems to be an inherited characteristic. It has been shown that an identical twin has double the chance of bed-wetting if the other twin bed-wets. Bed-wetting can also be caused by emotional factors; for example the addition of a new baby to the family may be perceived as a threat to the older child. In these cases of stress induced bed-wetting, most of the children have been dry for a period of months or years after toilet training, but bed-wetting begins again when they experience emotional stress. This is called secondary bed-wetting and is commonly stress related. This is less common than primary bed-wetting, in which the child has not gained bladder control at night since birth.


Aequorea Vision Medical Inc. – Contact Us

Did you know?

Every 2 minutes a woman dies of cervical cancer somewhere in the world.

Approximately 20 million Americans are infected with Human Papillomavirus (HPV).

Cervical Cancer is the second most common cancer in women.

Approximately 5.5 million people will contract HPV each year.

There are more than 40 HPV types that can infect the genital areas of males and females.

Each year, about 12,000 women get cervical cancer in the U.S.

Papillomatosis becomes a herd problem when a large group of young, susceptible cattle become infected.

A horse that has even one lesion, is liable to the disease for life.

Sarcoids multiply over the summer and grow over the winter.

You should keep cattle with warts away from all horses to prevent Sarcoid development.

The simplest method of prevention is to separate infected animals from healthy animals.

It is important to minimize the use of equipment, feeders, waters, etc. that come into contact with healthy and unhealthy animals.

Sarcoids can develop in all equid species including the Horse, Donkey, Mule, Zebra, and Przewalksi Horse.

Read More

Risk of autism among younger siblings of …

Reuters – Mon 15 Aug 11

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Siblings of kids with autism have a higher risk of being diagnosed with the disorder than previously believed, suggests a new study.

Laboratory Equipment – Tue 16 Aug 11

The risk that an infant with an older sibling with autism also will develop the disorder, previously estimated at between 3 and 10%, is substantially higher at approximately 19%, a large, international …

“, Labspaces.net – Mon 15 Aug 11

WebMD – Mon 15 Aug 11

The risk of autism in a child whose older sibling is already diagnosed with the disorder is higher than previously believed, according to new research.

Health News – Mon 15 Aug 11

By Jenifer GoodwinHealthDay Reporter MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) — Younger siblings of a child with an autism spectrum disorder have a nearly one in five chance of being diagnosed …

MedPageToday – Mon 15 Aug 11

(MedPage Today) — Among families who have a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the risk of a subsequent child developing an ASD may be higher than previously estimated, a multicenter …

Emaxhealth – Tue 16 Aug 11
RedOrbit – Tue 16 Aug 11

(Ivanhoe Newswire) — The risk that an infant with an older sibling with autism will also develop the disorder, previously estimated at between 3 and 10 percent, is substantially higher at approximately …

RedOrbit – Mon 15 Aug 11

A new study has found that if a child has autism, the risk of a younger sibling also developing the disorder is higher than previously thought. Researchers from the University of California, …

R&D Mag – Mon 15 Aug 11

The risk that an infant with an older sibling with autism will develop the disorder, previously estimated at between 3 and 10 percent, is substantially higher at approximately 19 percent, a …

2009 April 20 | Health News Blog provides coverage of current health news.

Books about menopause often seem to imply that the only forms of HRT available are Premarin (an oestrogen isolated from the urine of pregnant mares) and Pro vera (a progestogen of long standing). It is certainly true that the most common mix of hormones prescribed as HRT is an oestrogen (taken in every day by pill, patch or implant), plus a progestogen (taken daily for ten to fourteen days, then not used for the rest of the month), but the numerous options available mean that hormone formats can be tailored to meet each woman’s needs.

COMBINED CYCLICAL THERAPY Many varieties of oestrogen and progestogen can be used in this combined hormone format, referred to as cyclical progestogen. The oestrogen component is the main agent for relieving menopausal symptoms, while the addition of a certain amount of progestogen puts the brakes on growth of the endometrium. A withdrawal bleed occurs when you stop taking progestogen.

For women taking separate hormone pills (for example, because the doctor wants to use dosages not found in the available combined-pill formats), an easy way to remember when to start the progestogen is at the beginning of each calendar month. The progestogen is then stopped on the tenth, twelfth or fourteenth day of the month (depending on the doctor’s instructions). You could, on the other hand, use a ‘calendar dial pack’, which contains ten oestrogen-plus-progestogen tablets followed by eighteen oestrogen pills.

You can expect a withdrawal bleed to begin anywhere between the tenth day of taking progestogen and a week after it is finished. If bleeding starts outside this time (that is, before day ten or after day seventeen, nineteen or twenty-one, depending on how many days the progestogen is taken), it is likely that the hormone dose is inadequate and needs to be altered. Most women taking progestogen for ten to fourteen days a month (that is, cyclical progestogen) have a withdrawal bleed each month at the end of the progestogen phase. The first few bleeds tend to be heavier than later bleeds. In about 50 per cent of women taking this cyclical progestogen, withdrawal bleeds disappear after about ten years; in most other users, withdrawal bleeds continue for however long the hormones are taken, usually becoming lighter with time.

In a small proportion of users, of whom Marita is an example, cyclical progestogen therapy never causes bleeding. The absence of bleeding after she started taking oestrogen and progestogen caused Marita some initial concern, but she was reassured by her doctor that nothing was amiss. She then wondered whether she needed to take progestogen at all, but her doctor impressed on her the necessity of continuing with this part of the therapy as she still had a uterus, which would be at increased risk of abnormal tissue growth, and possibly cancer, if she took oestrogen alone. Provera is the progestogen best documented as preventing abnormal growth of the endometrium.



Drug Uses

Zyrtec is an antihistamine. Antihistamines prevent sneezing, runny nose, itching and watering of the eyes, and other allergic symptoms.
Zyrtec is used to treat allergies, hives (urticaria), and other allergic inflammatory conditions.

How Taken

Zyrtec comes as a tablet to take it orally. It usually is taken once a day. It may be taken regularly or when allergy symptoms flare up. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take Zyrtec exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.


Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have kidney or liver disease. You may need a lower dose or special monitoring during your therapy with Zyrtec.
Zyrtec is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is unlikely to harm an unborn baby. Do not take Zyrtec without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant.
Zyrtec passes into breast milk and may affect a nursing baby. Do not take Zyrtec without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
If you are over 60 years of age, you may be more likely to experience side effects from Zyrtec. You may require a lower dose of this medication.

Missed Dose

If you forget to take a dose, do not take an extra tablet to catch up for the dose you forgot. Wait and take your next tablet at the regular time. Do not take more tablets than your doctor prescribed.

Possible Side Effects

Stop taking Zyrtec and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; or hives).
Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take Zyrtec and talk to your doctor if you experience sleepiness, fatigue, or dizziness; headache; or dry mouth.
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.


Store at 20-25В°C (68-77В°F); excursions permitted to 15-30В°C (59-86В°F).


Seek emergency medical attention. Symptoms of a Zyrtec overdose are not well known, but extreme sleepiness, confusion, and weakness may be expected.

More Information

Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities. Zyrtec may cause dizziness or drowsiness. If you experience dizziness or drowsiness, avoid these activities.
Use alcohol cautiously. Alcohol may increase drowsiness and dizziness while you are taking Zyrtec.


This drug information is for your information purposes only, it is not intended that this information covers all uses, directions, drug interactions, precautions, or adverse effects of your medication. This is only general information, and should not be relied on for any purpose. It should not be construed as containing specific instructions for any particular patient. We disclaim all responsibility for the accuracy and reliability of this information, and/or any consequences arising from the use of this information, including damage or adverse consequences to persons or property, however such damages or consequences arise. No warranty, either expressed or implied, is made in regards to this information.

Pipe Bomb Magazine – В» Brandon Brown 5 Poems


A metaplasm is a change to the orthography of a word. It is a common occurrence in the natural evolution of languages, and is also used as a technique in poetry. There are various
types of metaplasm. Metaplasms that add letters or sounds are called prosthesis, epenthesis, and paragoge.
Metaplasms that delete letters or sounds are known as clipping, elision, apocope, and syncope. Metathesis is a metaplasm consisting of letters or sounds that are switched. Sometimes metaplasms include a combination of these factors, such as phonological contraction (synaeresis) or grammatical contraction.
A simple metaplasm is a metaplasm that accrues linearly. In other words, it grows by a certain fraction of the principal per time period. Calculation of accrued metaplasm of most words uses simple metaplasm. Once a metaplasm is made, the lender can remetaplasmize it elsewhere. In case they remetaplasmize it in the original metaplasm, metaplasm will start accruing on this metaplasm. In this case, they can calculate the growth of their investment using the
compound metaplasm method.
Another meaning of metaplasm is the change in the grammatical gender of a word in languages where nouns have genders.


Examples in English
Cute from Acute
Mend from Amend
Scapegoat from Scape + goat
Drawer from Drawere
Vanish from (now obsolete) Evanish
Trade from (now obsolete) E-Trade
Squire from Esquire
Bus from Omnibus
Balloon from Omniballoon
Macaroon from Mac + aroon
Doubloon from Doublooon
Cello from Violoncello
Phone from Telephone
Bank from [a blank]
Apocopation from Telepocopation
Pain from Occupation
Resent from Resediment


An Expected expectoration can still get too gooey
And Harry’s gob’s got lysozymes and lingual lipase
Lingering around his lips when he locutes a certain letter,
Bet you’re guessing the letter’s H.
Credit the mother in this case for passing on her case
Of hyper-N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine amidase
Harry got recalled to the battlefi eld and we’re
All so glad, since one shower’s suffi cient.
Harry battling can’t dapple us with muco-
Polysaccharides and glycoproteins eevery time
He utters aitches which ain’t not always
And we like to loquate with the sisters of our idiolect.


A Sort Of History Of Your Life
Born just about 84 bce…locus nascendi maybe
Verona…probably…governor of Bithynia
where…dead boar…rich uncle, likely of
Scottish descent…accent…weird
butt…money bin…wrote invectives, condolences,
erotica and poems of friendship…identical
triplets…probably died in 54 bce…don’t know where


A Revisionist History of Your Life
…born, no money, no assets of
liquid or other variety, stayed poor,
loved the breast and thought shit
was a gift…roast beef favorite food…
bad teens…somewhere like Indiana…
in a Denny’s fi zzy kidnap…woke up at sea…
that’s the, uh, Pacifi c Ocean…
weird saliva about the
money…drank (one’s own) urine, captured
seabirds, ate them raw…killed
(one’s own) uncle…became Emperor
of Rome…wrote autobiography on
(one’s own) tomb while still alive…unfinished…


A full history taken by the doctor and a complete physical examination should give him a good idea whether the condition is the usual form of bed-wetting or due to disease.

Examination of the urine by testing for protein and sugar and looking at it under the microscope is the only special test necessary.

Most cases are primary and have never been dry for longer than, at most, a month. Those secondary cases who have achieved control for months, or even years, and then relapsed are usually due to some emotional upset such as separation or the arrival of a new baby. These cases usually respond to counselling.

But, done consistently, it certainly gives dry sheets — and there is the possibility that he will grow out of bed-wetting.

Dehydration — that is, by restricting fluids in the evening — is another method widely used but is of little benefit.

Sometimes, both the parents and the child are satisfied by a full explanation and reassurance and no further treatment is needed. They are prepared to wait until time effects a cure.

In the past, several drugs were used, but with only moderate success.


Random Posts

Hormonal | Health News

‘Subcutaneous’ means ‘beneath the skin’, and this is how the implant works. A tiny pellet, about the size of the tip of a lead pencil, is inserted under the skin of the lower abdomen. The technique is simple, takes about 5 minutes, and can often be carried out in a general practitioner’s surgery under a local anaesthetic, leaving little or no mark. The big advantage of an implant is that, once it has been inserted, you can forget about it for several months. No need to take tablets or change patches. Unlike other forms of HRT, it can also be combined with small quantities of the hormone testosterone if your doctor thinks this would help you. Although testosterone is the male hormone, it is also produced in the ovaries of women, so it is not unnatural to receive it. It can be helpful for women who have certain psycho-sexual problems, a drop in libido (interest in sex), much reduced energy levels or severe loss of confidence. Being a male hormone, it may cause a slight increase in facial hair.

Nearly all women with implants gain relief from hot flushes, and three-quarters gain relief from depression. Improved collagen levels lead to better skin and stronger bones.

As with the patch, the oestrogen is released straight into the bloodstream, and avoids the digestive system, so a lower dose can be used, giving fewer side-effects than oral HRT. There is no question of forgetting to take it, or of suffering the skin irritation some women get with the patch. It also avoids the necessity of ‘popping a pill every day’, which is what many women don’t like about HRT; until it needs replacing you can forget you are using it at all. It also offers good protection against osteoporosis, except at the lowest dosage.

The implant does not last forever, and it will need to be replaced every 4-6 months, depending on when the level of oestrogen in the implant falls and the menopausal symptoms return. You will need to return to your GP or gynaecologist for a replacement Although this may seem rather a nuisance, it does ensure that you are regularly monitored, and a check-up may also detect irregularities that might otherwise have gone unnoticed.

This condition is called tachyphylaxis, and has received unfavourable publicity following reports of some recent research into it One or two newspapers decided that it suggested the women were ‘addicted’ to oestrogen, because they needed ever-higher doses at ever-more-frequent intervals. “

The problem of tachyphylaxis should not, however, be dismissed as irrelevant, because for the small minority of women affected by it, it can be a serious disadvantage, and one for which doctors can’t at present agree on a solution. Simply to refuse further HRT in any form produces a return of the symptoms and much suffering; it may also be a dangerous approach in women whose falling oestrogen is producing feelings of depression. However, to replace the implant at ever-closer intervals in a woman whose oestrogen level may be well above normal is not desirable either. It is obviously an area in which more research is needed. If you feel you are developing this condition, talk to your doctor about a gradual withdrawal from this type of HRT, as a different type might be the solution for you. He may decide to monitor your blood oestradiol level regularly, and to replace the implant when it falls to a certain level.

The second disadvantage of the implant concerns those women who still have a uterus and who need to take progestogen. The raised levels of oestrogen from an implant are eliminated from the body only very slowly, so that even once you have stopped using implants the lining of the womb continues to thicken every month and you need to continue taking progestogen until this stops happening.

Implants come in three different strengths (25, 50 and 100 milligrams); the higher dose lasts longer, and continues to relieve severe symptoms longer.